There is a downloadable PDF of the below document.
This Customary establishes policies, procedures, rules and laws to better order the affairs of the Shire of Hartwood.
We declare these lands are held as the Shire of Hartwood, within the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc. (hereafter referred to as SCA), in fiefdom to Their Majesties of the Kingdom of An Tir in the Principality of Tir Righ. It includes but is not limited to the following modern jurisdictions: Ladysmith, Nanaimo, Qualicum Beach, Parksville, Courtenay, Comox, Campbell River, and Port Alberni, BC.
Vert, on a roundel argent within a laurel wreath Or a hart's head erased sable.
Given the large geographical area of the shire any location within a local telephone calling area, having more than 8 people, may request a deputy Chatelaine to help with local PR. The deputy Chatelaine must be an paid SCA member.
Official Shire publications include the Hartwood email list, Hartwood website (hartwood.tirrigh.org) and the Facebook group “Shire of Hartwood”.
Revised February 16, 2014
There is a downloadable PDF of the below document.
Note: Sources for sections may be given... TR = Tir Righ; AT = An Tir; FP = Financial Policy
The following Shire of Hartwood Financial Policy serves as an addendum and is subject to the requirements set forth by the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc. (SCA or Society) Financial Policy, SCA Corpora and By-Laws, Kingdom of An Tir (Kingdom) Financial Policy, Principality of Tir Righ (Principality) Financial Policy, and the Laws of the Kingdom of An Tir and Principality of Tir Righ.
The Financial Committee is responsible for the financial health of the shire; therefore, all members of the Financial Committee are informed on the Financial Policies of Society, Kingdom and Principality, as well as Society governing documents and Kingdom and Principality Laws.
The policy set forth in SCA, Kingdom, and Principality Financial Policies shall be accepted as standard policy in regards to bank accounts.
Cash receipts shall include, but is not limited to: event income of all types, donations, money from sale of goods purchased with group funds, and newsletter income.
revised 2013; accepted April 2013
Here is a collection of useful forms and links for the general running of the shire – Event Bids, cheque requests, and officer applications.
Hartwood is one of several branches within greater regional areas. Below you will find links to our neighbors and regional districts.
These are just a few of the branches located nearby; for a full listing of the branches of Tir Righ, head over to the Principality of Tir Righ's page.
(Cunegonda asked Mistress Cecille to write a little on this topic for our Activities page; it became a longer article of worth, so it resides here in it's fullness. This is why you might recognize the first paragraph.)
Competitions come in a wide variety of formats. They range all the way from fun and silly to serious, from most popular to most historically accurate, and from complete novice to very experienced. While there is not necessarily something for everyone in each competition, there is always another competition coming along that will meet your needs and tickle your fancy.
To best match up your expectation with the competition, do two things: a) read the competition copy carefully and, b) speak with the organiser. Find out if you need documentation: spoken (oral), written, how many copies? What time do you need to be ready and how long does the competition last? If your entry needs support stuff (table, electrical outlet, etc.) make arrangements for that now.
What is documentation? It's answering the 5 Ws: Who, What, When, Where, Why + How. Apply these questions to your project, the people who would have made or used it, and also to yourself. How did your creat this and why did you make the choices you did? How is what you did similar or different to the item and what people did 'back then'? Add a museum photo or copy of a painting showing the item and that's it, you're done!
Getting all of this on 1 page, 2 pages if you're going for a Championship, or extra enthusiastic, would be excellent documentation for a Shire-level branch like Hartwood. Remember, not all competitions will require this amount, so check with your competition organiser!
So why participate in competitions? You meet some really cool people. You have a good time challenging yourself with the interesting ways that the fighters, archers, and rapier folks have put their field or shoots together. You can see, hear, and even participate in some amazing crafts, cooking, and bardic from our artisans. Plus, it's fun. You could compete for bragging rights, for a prize, to demonstrate a new skill you've learned, as part of a Principality or Kingdom or even SCA-wide Guild challenge.
Or you could compete for the honour of being one of Hartwood's (#) Champions and represent the branch for a year. (Add rights and responsibilities).
In the end, there's a competition for everyone. From the person in their first month in the SCA to our Peers. From someone who wants something silly to do for their Saturday evening to someone who wants to work hard for months to achieve a long-held dream. From the folks who think documentation is scary and only want to talk about their projects to those who have no problems whipping out an essay. Hartwood has people who can answer questions and mentor you if you need it, or leave you be and watch you bloom. Come, compete!
Many people get into the SCA and make a persona based on certain period of time or a certain style of clothing and then decide they want to get into the combat arts. Suddenly they realize their persona wouldn’t fight in that style. What do I do now? Don’t worry about it if this happens. One is not necessarily linked to the other.
However, if you decide you want to make a persona based on a fighting style and period of history, great. Do some research for what was going on in your time period. Talk to fighters who fight your style, eg if you want to do a late 1500s rapier fighter, talk to the rapier fighters in the shire. They will be able to tell you a little about what masters were teaching during that time and what styles were popular (both fighting styles and clothing/armour).
Do I have to go out and spend a thousand dollars to get all the armour and weapons I need to fight? Most of the time the shires have what is called iron key, which is loaner gear. This is a great way to start out fighting and finding out what style you want to do without shelling out a bunch of money right up front.
So I have decided I want to fight. Now do I have to spend a small fortune to have my own gear? You can but it is not necessary. Most of the experienced fighters can help you put together functional armour for a lower cost. For example, the heavy armour does not need to be made out of the shiny stainless steel. Many people fight in armour made out of plastic pickle barrel and cover it up with a nice tunic. Used gear can be bought at a reduced cost to get you started and unless it is coloured up with specific heraldry, no one will know but you.
- Dieterich von Kleinberg
by HL Meredith of the White Cliffs
The difference between the two is not all that great. A 'Revel' is not so formal, more often pot-luck or bring your own meals, likely to be set in an Inn, Tavern, or Picnic type of location. The event copy will give you the details.
A feast is a more formal occasion, including a meal of at least three food courses. With entertainment in between (to let the food settle a bit!) Courts are a often a feature at feasts; the event copy will tell you if the Monarch is going to be in attendance. Frequently, there is dancing (don't worry: beginners are welcome) and many people bring game boards. If you are a performer (acting, singing or instrumental), your performance would greatly enhance the feast.
Sometimes we do Feasts or Revels as a Potluck. A potluck, and what type of dish you should bring, will have been stipulated in the Event copy. Bring a dish to feed about 8-10 people a small serving. Try to make something that COULD have been served in Period even if it is not a period recipe. Have the recipe posted near the dish as people who have allergies appreciate this, as do persons enjoying the dish who would like the recipe.
Children are welcome at feasts. Parents are asked to be sure to bring things to entertain them. (I would rather have a kid playing with modern toys than being miserable as they are forced to 'sit still' or participate in something they have no interest in.) Pricing for Children's seats depends on how large the hall is. IF there are only 30 seats and the event's break-even cash point depends on selling them all, seats are same price for all ages. IF, as is the more usual situation, there is lots of room, Children are usually much cheaper - and very often simpler fare is prepared for them, too. Babes in arms are, of course, free, though you have to be prepared to pass them around for admiration from all! The event copy will give you details on prices.
To prepare to attend a Feast, you will need:
These are some ideas to make potlucks more interesting, and perhaps more fun. (Many thanks to Paulus of the Heather, Crickstow-on-Sea, for inspiration.)
To participate in the feast you must bring a potluck dish. Every person in your party (excepting very young ones) must bring a dish large enough to serve 8-10 people, and a card listing all the ingredients must accompany it. (For instance, an adult with two teenagers bringing buns and butter will have, in total two to three dozen buns and a pound of butter; the buns will be in a large bowl or basket, and the butter set out on a small plate or bowl.)
Charts are often used to guide feasters. As an example, if your ordinary/modern last name begins with... then bring...
If no guideline is given, bring your favourite medieval dish (suggestions and recipe links below).
If you live more than a half-hour drive from the event, consider dishes best served at room temperature, that are not troubled by the travel; bread and cheese fits that category.
Then there is the question: "How much should I spend?" Paulus of the Heather answers this way:
"This can be a ticklish question. Is it fair that someone brings a beef roast and someone else brings a loaf of bread when both people fill their plates from the same table? Instead of comparing the items on the table, a contributor to a potluck has to take a look at their own finances and ask the question, "What would I pay for a ticket to a feast for myself (and my family)?" and budget for their contribution with that amount in mind. Therefore a couple who would normally spend $30 for feast tickets should consider that spending $10 to $20 on a potluck contribution is still a significant savings.
Get medieval: Generosity is a chivalric virtue!"
If you are new to SCA potlucks, or are looking for an update, this may be useful to you.
Regarding your contribution:
Regarding your presence:
If you shop for your potluck contribution, here are some suggestions to help simplify your choices.
Also consider greens and herbs in salads, with olive oil and vinegar dressing.
These links to medieval recipes barely touch the surface of the recipes available. Not all recipes are complicated, so explore the possibilities fully; many recipes call for less than 6 ingredients!
by Halima al-Rakkasa, minimalist
|Store cool-ish and dry||Cooler; no other prep||Cooler; must heat|
|No other prep||Must heat|
uncut bread loaves
almonds, other nuts
dried fruit (dates, figs, apricots, raisins)
cereal bars such as Nutrigrain
tortilla chips (w salsa or in stews)
pretzels (the big soft ones are period)
instant couscous (starch for stews)
chapatis can be made with flour, water, a little oil and salt, on a hot, dry cast iron frying pan
cheese; harder is better if a cooler is an issue; gouda, parmesan, brie
fresh fruit (grapes, apples)
fresh veg (carrot, turnip, radishes)
yoghurt (for oatmeal)
pickles(cucumbers, onions, eggs, olives)
cold couscous or rice salad
pepperoni or other preserved meat (kielbasa, salami, Landjaeger, smokies)
hummous or lentil dip
Pies of Paris
beef jerky (can be added to broth or?)
prebaked veg or meat pies
baked or fried chicken
marinated ham strips
partially-prep'd stew or soup chop and fry an onion in a little olive oil before adding the stew or soup, and be the envy of the camp
pre-cooked rice and/or beans as a base
Freeze pre-cooked stew/soup to help keep other food cold; it will thaw eventually.
Open cooler only as needed, to keep it cold. Consider a separate cooler for beer and similar bevers.
Consider having snacks available for "company": baked goods, easily prepped fresh fruits and veg, tea, hot chocolate, whatever your friends like.
Even if drinking water is supplied, chill some bottled water, or barely freeze a few bottles, to help the cooler ice last longer and give you cool water as needed. Go easy on the soda pop (diuretic) and the fruit juice (insect attractant); if you use fruit juice, pack the concentrate and a container for the diluted juice.
I have done day-trips with nothing but cheese, buns, pepperoni and pickles; for a full day or more, add some real food, either hot or cold, and some nibbles such as nuts and fruit. Couscous salads are now readily available in delis, as well as other interesting foods. Do remember that chicken must be either hot or cold, and must spend very little time in between.
Use alcohol wipes in the travel packs. Take Vitamin B1 to help drive away insects, and use DEET.
My thanks to HL Doirean Dechti for re-posting this information gathered from several people over several years. I hope this compilation will become more convenient over the coming tourney seasons!
Yes, medievally, cutlery and tableware was used; fingers may have come into play, but the manuals of the time are quite specific about which fingers were used for what purposes (and I will not attempt to summarize such compexities). And since we neither waste food, nor wish to sully beautiful garments that we (and perhaps you) have spent hours creating, we like our "feastgear".
We encourage the medieval look, but that can come later...
This is a living document; if you find a new link (or find one of these is dead), please contact the Webminister to have it added (or removed).
We hope that the following links will provide useful information on period food and cooking.
The Shire of Hartwood has the following device and badge registered with the College of Heralds:
Hartwood's motto is 'One Hartbeat!'; you will often hear this shouted as a response to 'For Hartwood!'.
The Shire of Hartwood likes to show it's gratitude towards members who are especially skilled or generous with their time and efforts. While we may not provide awards (as a Barony can), we may offer small tokens of appreciation. Here is a description of what some members have recieved:
For a listing of all recipients, please see Hartwood's An Tir Culture Wiki entry.
To make a recommendation (something all gentles are encouraged to do), please fill out this short form.
This is not a comprehensive lesson, but is meant to help you feel more comfortable in the presence of those we often refer to as Pointy Hats or Hats. These would be the people whose status in the SCA allows them to wear crowns or coronets, and include Barons and Baronesses, Viscounts and Vicountesses, Princes and Princesses, and Kings and Queens. Coronets and crowns usually have points of some type, so are easy to recognize.
The reverance is a bow or curtsy, and can be made as simple as you like. If you like, you can ask someone who has been in the SCA for a while to show you a way to make a reverance. You would make a reverance under the following circumstances:
DID THEY JUST CALL MY NAME?! EEP!!
If you have been called up to court, don’t panic! Everyone has a first time, and if you watch, everyone does it differently. It is a good habit to get into approaching court the proper way. I cringe when I see someone who has been in the SCA for a while approach without the reverance. There is usually an aisle of sorts in front of the dignitaries holding court, with the audience sitting or standing along either side. If you are called up to the court, follow these simple steps, and don’t worry at all if you don’t get it perfect – few people do.
This next section looks like a lot of things to remember, but it covers three different scenarios, so it isn’t as bad as it first appears!
To simplify, both coming and going, your points of reverance are the center of the aisle, and in front of the kneeling cushion.
FORMS OF ADDRESS
Forms of address, regarding dignitaries:
Some people, dignitaries and otherwise, prefer to be called by a title appropriate to the language of their culture. Alternate titles for such a purpose can be found at heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/titles.html
I hope this has helped. If you have any questions, please ask. There are many people here quite able to help as well.
Ideally, before you begin to paint either scroll or charter, you’ll have a good idea of the gouache colors that are needed to create the desirable medieval effect. With that in mind, I have here compiled a number of collections of color-names to help you find suitable colors. (I am grateful to all those who have shared the information!) At the bottom is my own gouache palette.
Dame Tamlyn has this list of pigments in the Lindisfarne Gospel (8th century):
Evidently, in later period, we can add:
The Summits have a list of colors for painting charters, thanks to Mistress Alainne:
Mistress Tegan of Conwy suggests there are differences in cultural preference
The Domesday Boke Materials list (for An Tir’s 40th Year) gave these as period colors:
And these are the heraldic colors to add:
My palette is selected from Winsor and Newton, so color-names may not be found in other brands:
Do be careful in choosing your brand of gouache. Look for light-fastness and opaque. I prefer Winsor and Newton Designer Gouache, but Daler-Rowney and Holbein also have good products. Avoid watercolors unless they are permanent, light-fast and opaque, with labels stating the degree (rating) of each.
Every Kingdom has it's own scribal handbook; some include advice on hands, and even examples. An Tir's can be found online, and includes examples of Pseudo Arabic, Greek, and Cyrillic hands as well as the Elder and Younger Futhark. The Outlands' has an interesting chart on what pens work with which inks on page 39. The Midrealm's is excellent, and contains this guide on page 5, followed by examples of the alphabets:
Options listed by Period and Geographical Area
Before Christianization around the 10th c., there was little writing on the page in Scandinavia, so missionaries and travellers would use whatever script they brought withthem to the north. Contact with Britain and Ireland meant that the Scandinavians whosettled there would use what scripts existed there already.
Your best bet for “Viking age” scripts would be to follow Anglo-Saxon and German styles. Insular Minuscule, Artificial Uncial, Roman Half Uncial, and Early Gothic are allgood candidates. Runes were not usually used on scrolls or manuscripts. The Eth andThorn letters are used.
From the Gothic age onward, follow Northern European standards. A 14th c. Icelandic Book Hand sample is given for comparison.
Eastern Europe of the Byzantine Empire used forms of Greek, and in Russia, Greek evolved throughout the Middle Ages into Cyrillic alphabets. The Hebrew alphabet was used in every European nation by the Jewish community with illumination which matched contemporary tastes.